Reimagining History: Dara as a Symbolic Figure in Shahid Nadeem's Play


  • Mubashar Altaf Lecturer, University of Sargodha
  • Munawar Iqbal Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Air University, Islamabad.


Reimagining History, Dara, Symbolic Figure, New Historicism, Power Dynamics, Religious Beliefs, Pakistan


History and literature are entwined. Against the prevailing backdrop of misconceptions and stereotypes surrounding Muslims, the study interprets the play ‘Dara’ by Shahid Nadeem from a new historical perspective. This research paper explores the historical significance of the play ‘Dara’ in the context of the sociopolitical landscape of Pakistan. The paper employs the lens of new historicism to analyze the play as an interpretation of history and a response to prevailing narratives that paint Muslims as terrorists. The study investigates the relationship between the resurgence of ‘Dara’ as a new hero and the socio-political climate of Pakistan in the present time. Drawing on Stephen Greenblatt's concepts of representation and the circulation of power, the analysis unveils the play's thematic exploration of power dynamics, manipulation of religious beliefs, and the clash of opposing ideologies. The findings underscore how ‘Dara’ challenges dominant power structures, promotes inclusivity, and reimagines Pakistan’s image. Moreover, it fills a gap in the existing literature by incorporating new historicist perspectives and providing a deeper understanding of "Dara" within its historical context.




How to Cite

Altaf, M., & Iqbal, M. (2023). Reimagining History: Dara as a Symbolic Figure in Shahid Nadeem’s Play . Journal of Research in Humanities, 59(2), 37–60. Retrieved from